Bauhaus design - the beginning of modernism
The German Bauhaus Movement had an important impact on the development of Design and Architecture in the twentieth century. It was truly avant-garde in it's techniques and ideas.
beginning of design
Does the word "Bauhaus" create any images in you? You probably
heard many things about architects like Le Corbusier or Mies van der Rohe.
May be you even posses the Lounge Chair LC4, the ultimate "Rest machine"
or you sat just the other day in a Barcelona chair when you had an appointment
with this important company.
The Bauhaus was the most influential art, craft and design school of the 20th century. The Bauhaus teachers were highly influential people. Artists such as Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky and Lászl Moholy-Nagy taught alongside architects and designers such as Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer. They believed that students should be able to exercise different disciplines, from graphics to architecture. Every student needed a combined practical and theoretical education, which at the time was quite revolutionary. The aim was to produce work that unified intellectual, practical and aesthetic concerns through artistic endeavor and the exploitation of new technologies. All this should lead to a successful integration of design theory with the industrial process.
the new way of living
The impact of the horrible experiences in the First World War, poverty and inflation created a new consciousness, which influenced strongly Design, Architecture and Art. The Bauhaus reacted to this social change by creating an aesthetic relevance to the requirements of the time. Bauhaus protagonists wanted to bridge the gap between the social idealism and the commercial reality and to promote a response to the emerging technological culture. The "New Man" became the ideal, a concept that also expressed itself in living. The Bauhaus Design showed a simplicity with emphasis on straight edges and smooth, slim forms. The rooms were sparsely furnished, but filled with hygienic freshness. Superfluous features were taboo. Shining steel was discovered as a material for furniture. The aim was to take advantage of the possibilities of mass production to achieve a style of design that was both functional and aesthetic. Objects were to be designed to have "simplicity, multiplicity, economical use of space, material, time and money which looks as modern as anything in production today.
A principle of the Bauhaus was to serve the development of contemporary
housing, from the most basic household equipment to the complete house.
traces in the US
The Bauhaus school existed not even 15 years before it was shut down
by the Nazis. Most of the artists went to the US and there they had great
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Corbusier - Marcel
Breuer - Ludwig
Mies van der Rohe - Harry
Charles Eames - C. R. Mackintosh - G.T. Rietveld - Isamu Noguchi
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Last modified: 2017-10-08